Nathan: Prophet of Righteous Justice

Nathan: Prophet of Righteous Justice

 Praise the Lord! On this wonderful Monday afternoon that the Lord has given us today, trusting everyone had a great weekend, and time of Worship to our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ!. 

  This weeks study will be on Nathan-Prophet of Righteous Justice, as our study was last week of three installments, it will  be the same this week, so here is installment one of our study.

Nathan: Prophet of Righteous Justice

Focus Verses

James 5:19–20

Jas 5:19 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him;

Jas 5:20 Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.

Lesson Text

II Samuel 7:1–5

1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;

2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.

3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.

4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the Lord came unto Nathan, saying,

5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?

 

II Samuel 12:7–14

7 And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;

8 And I gave thee thy master’s house, and thy master’s wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.

9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.

10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife.

11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun.

12 For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.

13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die.

14 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.

Focus thought

Because God loves us, He uses people in our lives to correct us.

Culture Connection

God Save the Queen

Tony Blair was newly elected as prime minister of Great Britain when Princess Diana was killed in an auto accident in Paris. Her death placed a lot of pressure on Queen Elizabeth II and the royal family because of the divorce of Diana and Prince Charles. The Queen thought it best to allow Diana’s family to handle the funeral arrangements as a personal family matter rather than having a royal state funeral. However, because of Diana’s popularity with the English populace and her admirers around the world, an outcry arose toward the queen for the royal family to make Diana’s funeral a royal state funeral rather than a private one. The English press had billed her as the “People’s Princess.” So great was the public outcry that the monarchy itself was being brought into question.

Young Tony Blair was caught between the people who had just elected him in a landslide vote and the resistance of the royal family for a state funeral. It was most difficult for the prime minister to tell the queen what she should do in the situation, even though Mr. Blair though it was right and proper for Princess Diana to have a state funeral. His ability to influence and persuade the Queen toward a state funeral turned out to be the correct decision for the Queen and satisfied the people of England. The willingness of Queen Elizabeth II to listen to counsel may have saved the monarchy and changed the cries of the press and the people from that of criticism to “God save the queen.”

Outline

1. THE PEOPLE’S KING

A. The Anointed King

B. The Gifted King and Prophet

C. The Beloved King

2. THE KING’S SEER

A. Nathan the Prophet

B. Nathan the King’s Friend

C. Nathan the King’s Advisor

3. THE PROPHET’S REBUKE

A. David Sinned

B. David Sinned Again

C. David’s Judgment

4. THE SAVING OF A SOUL

A. An Erring Soul

B. A Friend’s Rebuke

C. A Soul Saved

Contemplating the Topic

For 120 years the united kingdom of Israel was governed by three kings: Saul, David, and Solomon. Samuel served as the initial prophet to the united kingdom and anointed both Saul and David as its kings. The pattern of a king and prophet association was established with King Saul and Samuel. It continued throughout the remaining history of the kings of Israel and Judah in the Old Testament.

What Samuel was to King Saul, Nathan was to King David. Each served as a voice of spiritual counsel and vision to the civil authority of the kingdom. They were the chosen voices of God to the nation in both physical and spiritual affairs. What Samuel set in motion as the stabilizing prophet to the first king of Israel, Nathan established as a pattern of relationship between the kings and the prophets. Nathan was the prophet of the court to King David, Israel’s greatest king, and also to Solomon, Israel’s wisest king. Nathan was the voice of righteous justice in times of great personal crisis. Had it not been for Nathan, the everlasting kingdom of David may not have been established. Nathan’s voice caused David to repent of his sins, correct the error of his ways, and continue to serve and lead Israel into greater physical and spiritual development.

A strong three-fold leadership cord of king, prophet, and priest emerged with David, Nathan, and Zadok. With David as king, the people of Israel had a compassionate ruler with their interests at heart. With Nathan as their prophet, the clear vision of righteousness was always priority. With Zadok the priest, the blessings of loyalty to leadership and faithfulness to Moses’ law strengthened the kingdom immeasurably.

Searching the Scriptures

1. THE PEOPLE’S KING

A. The Anointed King

Samuel was chosen of God and accepted by the people as a prophet from his youth. His voice of resistance to a king for Israel was evident in his warning to the people (I Samuel 8:7–22). However, with their insistence, God granted their desire. God chose Saul to be the first king, and He directed Samuel to anoint Saul. (See I Samuel 9:15–10:1, 19–26.) Saul was a warrior, head and shoulders above others, but humble when Samuel anointed him as king.

Saul’s human shortcomings became apparent with time. There appear to be no altars in Saul’s life. His inferior spiritual stature did not match his superior physical stature; therefore, his enemies triumphed. Disobeying Samuel’s instructions concerning the Amalekites, he spared King Agag and some of the sheep and cattle (I Samuel 15). When the Philistines captured the Ark of Israel, Saul refused to go into battle with the giant Goliath. God’s rejection of Saul was painful to Samuel, who as a young prophet had anointed and loved Saul as the king. Samuel, now older, had to face the reality of anointing a new king, one chosen of God but unlike Saul.

Anointing David as king must have been a bittersweet moment for Samuel. The bitterness of Saul’s failures and the sweetness of David’s love for the Lord were mixed as Samuel poured the anointing oil upon David’s head (I Samuel 16:13). Years had passed and a new day was ahead for Israel and for Samuel. David was to be the new king, and Nathan was to be the prophet of the king’s court.

B. The Gifted King and Prophet

Unlike Saul, whose virtue seemed to be his height and strength, David was a man of many talents and gifts. His strength was that of inner character and courage rather than physical brawn (I Samuel 16:7). These strengths brought him favor with the people and made him a natural leader. God’s favor significantly enhanced his natural leadership abilities. David placed his trust in the name of the Lord to accomplish great things for Israel, for with God all things are possible.

Ironically, Saul’s servants recited David’s gifts to Saul in I Samuel 16:18.

Cunning in playing.” A musician and songwriter, David’s musical ability comforted him during the many lonely days in the shepherd’s fields and later calmed the troubled spirit of King Saul.

A mighty valiant man.” He did not back away from a fight. His courage and strength were in his commitment to a cause.

A man of war.” David was a man of righteous anger and justice. He drew the sword in defense of righteousness and refrained from using the sword to take Saul’s life in order to be right in the sight of the Lord.

Prudent in matters.” David was an intelligent person, wise in his words and his understanding of people. He understood both sheep and men (Psalm 49:3). He attracted people with his charismatic personality and winning ways. He surrounded himself with strong, faithful men who were loyal to him and to the nation.

A comely person.” He was a handsome man with pleasing looks and personality.

The Lord is with him.” In Acts 13:22 David is characterized as a man after God’s own heart. His heart was for God and right, for Israel and his fellowman, and for the underprivileged and outcasts.

Besides the natural gifts and talents David possessed, he was also a prophet. His messianic prophesies were scattered among the psalms he wrote under divine inspiration. Peter, in his inaugural sermon on the Day of Pentecost, called David a prophet (Acts 2:30).

  so that will conclude the first of our three installments of our study for this week, we will pick up part two of our study on Wednesday at C. “The Beloved King”

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